In The Bilge Again, 2017

concrete, asphalt, wheatpaste, fluorescent lamp


Extract from The Negro Motorist Green Book, 1940

Featuring listings from Winston-Salem, North Carolina

and Meridian, Mississippi


Extract from Emancipation Proclamation, 1863 and Cadillac Shop Manual, 1962


This work was inspired by a book that was distributed in Esso gas stations during the Jim Crow era in America called The Negro Motorist Green Book. The Negro Motorist Green Book was created by a black mailman named Victor H. Green, who collected data on safe spaces and friendly people who could aid or accommodate black people throughout their travels in America.

The first thing I did when I got my hands on one of these books was to see if my hometown was on the list and what accommodations were listed. Fortunately my hometown Winston-Salem was on the list. Next, I checked for my father’s hometowns and was surprised to find it as well. I chose Winston-Salem, North Carolina, and Meridian, Mississippi as the core content of the piece.